Water for a Growing City
Auckland was founded in 1840 as New Zealand's capital city. It remained the capital for 25 years, and in that time grew rapidly. By 1865, well water was no longer enough to supply the burgeoning population and a pipe from the Domain Springs was built.
The seat of government was moved to Wellington in 1865, but Auckland continued to attract large numbers of settlers, and soon the Domain water supply was insufficient. In 1875, the local government bought 120 acres at Western Springs and built the Pumphouse you see at MOTAT.
As Auckland continued to grow, the Western Springs system was supplemented and finally entirely replaced by water supply from the Waitakere Ranges. This left Western Springs as an area in search of a use.